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Fertility Options & Pregnancy in Early Menopause or Premature Ovarian Failure

Introduction: Menopause is the natural cessation of ovarian function, when estrogen production decreases and menstruation ceases. Normally, menopause occurs between 42 and 56 years of age. However, approximately one percent of women under the age of 40 develops early menopause, also called premature ovarian failure (POF). The Female Reproductive System: The monthly menstrual period is

Steps of In vitro fertilization (IVF)

By Dr. Surveen Ghumman Sindhu: In vitro fertilization (IVF) is an assisted reproductive technique that involves fertilization of the oocyte (egg) by sperm outside of the woman’s body. The embryos are cultured in sterile plastic dishes. IVF was initially developed for patients with absent or damaged fallopian tubes. It is now offered as treatment for

Blastocyst Culture in IVF – Why it Should be Done ?

By Dr. Surveen Ghumman Sindhu: Before blastocyst culture started IVF embryos were transferred at day 2 or day 3. However in recent years blastocyst culture media was introduced and it made it possible to grow the embryos upto day 5 outside the body. What is a blastocyst? Usually a day 3 embryo consists of 8

Micro TESE & IVF/ICSI Progress in Male Infertility (Azoospermia)

By Dr. Surveen Ghumman Sindhu: Over the last 10 years the rapidly innovating technology in assisted reproduction has enabled male infertility due to men with very low sperm count to become fathers. Where earlier sperms were needed in millions now only 2-3 sperms are needed for intracytoplasmic sperm injection leading to a successful IVF. Technology

Poor Ovarian Reserve And IVF – Low Anti Mullerian Hormone (AMH)

By Dr. Surveen Ghumman Sindhu: Poor ovarian reserve can be measured by Antimullerian hormone, Antral Follicle Count and FSH on day 2 of period. In recent years, much dependence has developed on AMH as a marker as it has many advantages. Advantages of AMH as an ovarian reserve marker: Advantages of AMH as an ovarian

Thin Endometrium in IVF

By Dr. Surveen Ghumman Sindhu: Thin endometrium is a source of concern as implantation would not occur while attempting an IVF, IUI or a natural conception. While evaluating the endometrium there are a few parameters to be taken into account Endometrial parameters for assessment: Thickness – It should be at least 8 mm thick 9-12

Low Sperm Count And Its Treatment

By Dr. Surveen Ghumman Sindhu: Male infertility is on the rise and now male is equally responsible for infertility. Over the years has been seen that sperm count is falling along with the quality of the sperms deteriorating, with lower motility and morphology. While assessing the semen it is not just the number of sperms which

How IVF Has Evolved In The Society Today

By Dr. Surveen Ghumman Sindhu: There has been a 50% jump in infertility in the last 30 years, with women delaying marriages and childbirth and focusing on their careers. There is also, an increase in conditions like polycystic ovarian disease and premature ovarian failure which contribute to increasing infertility. Sperm counts have gradually decreased over the

Obesity & Its Impact on Fertility and IVF Success

By Dr. Surveen Ghumman Sindhu: In the last few decades there has been a change in lifestyle and socioeconomic conditions globally. This has led to rise in obesity. Obesity has now become a major epidemic. Rising incidence of obesity is seen both in developed and developing countries. In England it is seen that 56% of women

Role of Diet in IVF Success

Fertility diet includes food which would enhance the egg and sperm quality, build a good lining of the uterus to house the baby, provides body with good hormones for reproduction and supports a healthy pregnancy. Free radicles may damage the egg and the sperm. Antioxidants fight this dame preventing it. Important vitamins and nutrients required